About Antarctica

Learning About Antarctica

Antarctica is the world’s southernmost landmass. It is additionally the world’s most noteworthy, driest, windiest, coldest, and iciest mainland. Antarctica is about 5.5 million square miles (14.2 million square km) in size, and thick ice covers around 98 per cent of the land.

Antarctica is administered by an alliance of countries that have marked the Antarctic Treaty. Fifty-four countries have marked the Treaty. There are 29 consultative gatherings that lead customary logical scientific examination in Antarctica.

Considering consumption and food chain, in the Antarctic natural way of life, krill are essential consumers, and baleen whales, penguins, seals and numerous sorts of fish and different flying creatures are secondary consumers when benefiting from krill. Numerous creatures are a combination of essential, optional, tertiary (third) and quaternary (fourth) consumers as they eat an assortment of prey.

The continent is partitioned into two areas, known as East and West Antarctica. East Antarctica makes up 66% of the mainland and is about the size of Australia. Ice in this piece of the mainland midpoints 1.2 miles (2 kilometres) thick. Then again, West Antarctica is a progression of frozen islands extending toward the southern tip of South America, shaping an expansion of the Andes Mountains. The two districts are isolated by the Transantarctic Mountains, a reach that extends across the landmass, and is now and then totally covered by ice.

Antarctica’s frosty climate additionally makes it an ideal area to concentrate on how plants and other creatures adjust to outrageous ecological conditions. Finding microbial life in Antarctica’s absolute most ruined locales has given researchers many expectation of discovering life on generally ungracious planets. In 2014, researchers recognised Antarctic organisms fit for supporting themselves on air alone.


Several types of research are going on in Antarctica embarked on by many institutions and government agencies. Some of the researches include

Climate Research

The climate research of P&O Polar examines the role of the southern ocean and Antarctica in the world's climate system. This research's focus has always been to address the uncertainties that have been identified in the assessment report of the IPCC.

Technology And Innovation

The research works conducted by the Australian Antarctic Division (AAD) as part of the Antarctic project is generating important insights that can be used to develop pioneering technology. Such insights include those made around meteorology, nuclear, seismic and geomagnetic monitoring.

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